Overview of thyroid disorders

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is when the thyroid glands are releasing too much of the thyroid hormone. Such people are hyperactive, anxious and moody. Other symptoms include hair loss and rapid weight loss. Women report that they feel tired but alert.

Grave’s disease is the leading cause of this condition. The disease is an autoimmune disease that leaves the thyroid gland unable to control the release of the thyroid hormone. Hyperthyroidism and Hashimoto’s disease are connected. Hashimoto’s dupes the immune system into a series of attacks on the thyroid gland by registering it as an unwanted invader. The result is a depleted thyroid gland that is not able to release enough thyroid hormone.

Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is the opposite of hyperthyroidism. The thyroid gland does not release enough thyroid hormone. Patients with this condition are tired, experience brain fatigue and mental stress, and have swollen faces. Like hyperthyroidism patients, their hair falls off. These patients have gut-related problems such as constipation, acid reflux, bloating, and irritable bowel syndrome.

The thyroid hormone controls heat generation in the body. Therefore, hypothyroidism patients will feel cold on a hot day. Sometimes, it results in joint pain. People who wear heavy clothes in hot weather and are not experiencing a fever need thyroid screening.

Acute anxiety and mental stress to the extent of depression are also common symptoms. These patients can be wrongly diagnosed with bipolar disorder since they are also forgetful. The imbalance in thyroid hormone in the body causes irritableness.

Hypothyroidism affects the reproduction system. It causes conceiving problems, miscarriages, and low libido. A woman in the childbearing age should have her thyroid glands checked if she is having these symptoms.

People with hypothyroidism do not lose or gain weight even after maintaining the same diet and exercising schedule. How bad could it be to eat without gaining weight or to diet without losing weight? With hypothyroidism, they feel nothing is important to get out of bed.

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